Knowing that she likely would never have a chance at making the Winter Games while competing for a spot on the very-competitive United States team, Swaney instead decided to ski for Venezuela (her mother's home country) before switching over to represent Hungary, where her grandparents were born, in 2015.
Skiing for Hungary gave Swaney a better chance at meeting the International Ski Federation's requirements and qualifying for Olympic participation. All she needed to do was show up at a bunch of international events and complete her very basic runs without crashing and she would slowly score points and work her way up the rankings.
The whole article is a pretty incredible read and explains why Elizabeth Swaney looks so...different compared to other athletes at the Winter Games in Pyeongchang. And the Olympic Committee will surely change the rules so this doesn't happen again. I don't really understand the maximum participation from a country rule either. Is it about trying to grow exposure and drum up interest in every country? Just let the best athletes compete and leave it at that. If they're all Norwegian, so be it.